Sensitive Teeth

Tooth sensitivity is a common name for dentin hypersensitivity or root sensitivity. If hot, cold, sweet or very acidic foods and drinks, or breathing in cold air, makes your teeth or a tooth sensitive or painful then you have sensitive teeth. Proper oral hygiene and a daily routine that includes brushing and flossing is the key to preventing tooth sensitivity and pain. If you experience tooth pain when consuming hot or cold food and drinks, there are several causes that your dentist will examine.



What Causes Sensitive Teeth?

Sensitive teeth can be caused by any of the following:

  • Tooth decay
  • A worn or broken tooth filling
  • Excessive force while brushing teeth.
  • Using a very hard toothbrush or old toothbrush with frayed bristles.
  • Deteriorating or worn tooth enamel
  • Teeth grinding or clenching habits-Bruxism
  • Fractured teeth
  • Gum disease
  • An exposed tooth root surface
  • Excessive or improper teeth whitening



Treatment for Sensitive Teeth

If you’re experiencing tooth pain, your dentist can diagnose your sensitive teeth and find the
appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment for sensitive teeth many include the following:

  • Toothpaste for sensitive teeth. Desensitizing toothpaste blocks the transmission of sensation from the tooth surface to the nerve, reducing tooth sensitivity. Use a toothpaste designed to help protect your teeth against sensitivity.
  • Brush gently and use a soft bristled electric toothbrush. This will help prevent overaggressive brushing and protect your enamel from being worn away.
  • Root canal therapy. If you experience persistent tooth pain that’s not simply caused by hot or cold food, you may need a root canal.
  • Avoid acidic foods and drinks.
  • Fluoride gel. Applied during a dental visit, fluoride gel strengthens tooth enamel, which can reduce the transmission of sensations.
  • Dental crowns, inlays or bonding. These can be used to repair a flaw in your tooth that’s causing the painful sensitivity.
  • Surgical tissue graft. If you’ve lost gum tissue from the root, this will protect the root and reduce sensitivity.
  • Brush and floss your teeth twice a day to prevent gum disease.
  • Be sure to clean all parts of your mouth, including between teeth and along the gumline.

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